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FY 2021 omnibus spending bill and COVID-19 relief package finalized and passed

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FY 2021 omnibus spending bill and COVID-19 relief package finalized and passed

After almost a week of lengthy negotiations concluded on Sunday evening, December 20, the House and Senate approved final text on Monday night for the FY 2021 omnibus spending bill and a new COVID-19 relief bill. This package differs from the one unveiled last Monday by a group of bipartisan senators. After negotiations continued all weekend, the House passed the measure late Monday evening sending the package over to the Senate which passed the $1.4 trillion FY 2021 omnibus spending bill and the $900 billion COVID-19 relief bill just before midnight on December 21. The measure included a short term CR as well giving the president seven days to sign the bill into law. While the COVID-19 relief bill is much needed and will provide critical support to schools, hungry children, families at risk of being evicted, and unemployed Americans, among many other important provisions in the deal, it may not adequate to meet the overwhelming need, particularly for community learning hubs operating in communities nationwide providing in-person supervised learning for students to take their virtual classes. The FY 2021 spending bill includes a much-needed increase of $10 million for the Nita M. Lowey 21st CCLC; however the increase will not meet the increased demand for quality afterschool and summer learning programs, nor increased cost. 

COVID-19 relief bill includes afterschool programs as allowable use of funds

The new COVID-19 relief language is largely similar to that of the CARES Act passed last March. While that approach will make it easier for the Department of Education and other agencies to distribute funds to states quickly, it unfortunately means legislators left out many of the improvements needed to make the CARES Act language more responsive to local needs. From an afterschool and summer learning perspective, the final COVID-19 relief package mirrors the opportunities in the CARES Act and does not includes 21st CCLC flexibility language. The new package includes the following:

  • A total of $81.88 billion in education funds to be distributed in a similar manner as the CARES Act (the CARES Act provided a total of $30.75 billion for these funds) no later than 30 days following the enactment of the law, including:
    • $54.3 billion for the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief Fund (up from $13.5 billion in the CARES Act)
    • $4.05 billion for the Governors Emergency Education Relief Fund (GEER) - up from $3 billion in the CARES Act, but now including funds set-aside for private school emergency relief in the amount of $2.5 billion.  Similar to the CARES Act, the GEER Fund is intended to provide support to any other institution of higher education, local educational agency, or education related entity within the State that the Governor deems essential for carrying out emergency educational services to students following allowable uses described in the bill; or in the Higher Education Act; and the provision of child care and early childhood education, social and emotional support; and the protection of education-related jobs.
    • $22.7 billion for the Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund (up from $14.25 billion in the CARES Act)
    • The Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) Fund allowable uses of funds include planning and implementing activities related to summer learning and supplemental afterschool programs, including providing classroom instruction or online learning during the summer months and addressing the needs of low-income students, children with disabilities, English learners, migrant students, students experiencing homelessness, and children in foster care. The education section starts on page 1,859 of the bill.
    • There is a new allowable use section addressing learning loss among students, including low-income students, children with disabilities, English learners, racial and ethnic minorities, students experiencing homelessness, and children and youth in foster care. The funds can be used to administer high-quality assessments; implement evidence-based activities to meet the comprehensive needs of students; provide information and assistance to parents and families on how they can effectively support students, including in a distance learning environment; tracking student attendance and improving student engagement in distance education.
  • This bill includes $284 billion for the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) and extends PPP through March 31, 2021. Changes to PPP include:
    • Provides a second PPP forgivable loan for the hardest-hit small businesses and non-profits with 300 or fewer employees and that can demonstrate a loss of 25% of gross receipts in any quarter during 2020 when compared to the same quarter in 2019;
    • Creates a dedicated $15 billion set-aside for lending through community financial institutions, including Community Development Financial Institutions and Minority Depository Institutions to increase access for minority-owned and other underserved small businesses and nonprofits;
    • Creates a set-aside for very small businesses with 10 or fewer employees and for small businesses located in distressed areas;
    • Expands PPP eligibility for more critical access hospitals, local newspapers and TV and radio broadcasters, housing cooperatives, and 501(c)(6) nonprofits, including tourism promotion organizations and local chambers of commerce;
    • Adds PPE expenses, costs associated with outdoor dining, and supplier costs as eligible and forgivable expenses;
    • Simplifies the forgiveness process for loans of $150,000 and less
  • Direct assistance. $166 billion in direct checks: individuals making up to $75,000 a year will receive a payment of $600, while couples making up to $150,000 will receive $1,200, in addition to $600 per child. The deal also makes the stimulus checks more accessible to immigrant families.
  • Child Care. This legislation provides $10 billion in emergency funds for child care providers through the Child Care and Developmental Block Grant (CCDGB) program. These grants are designed to provide immediate relief to child care providers who and are currently in operation or have been temporarily closed due to the pandemic. Providers will have flexibility in their use of funds, including personnel costs; sanitization and cleaning; personal protective equipment, fixed costs, rent, utilities, and other child care related services. This emergency relief will allow child care providers to remain open or reopen and assist essential workers and families who are in great need of this critical service. The child care language is very similar to that found in the CARES Act that passed last March and includes all licensed, regulated, and registered providers as eligible for funding, providers that were not receiving CCDBG assistance prior to the public health emergency. The child care section starts on page 1834 of the bill. The legislation also includes $250 million for Head Start providers to ensure they are able to continue to safely serve low-income children and families throughout the pandemic.
  • $7 billion for broadband. This legislation includes $3.2 billion in emergency funds for low-income families to access broadband through an FCC fund. Additionally, there is a new $1 billion tribal broadband fund. Included is $250 million dollars in telehealth funding and $65 million to complete the broadband maps in order for the government to effectively disperse funding to the areas that need it most.
  • Coronavirus Relief Fund Extension. The bill extends the availability by one year (until Dec. 31, 2021) for funds provided to states and localities by the Coronavirus Relief Fund in the CARES Act. State and local governments have used these funds for school-age child care in some instances.
  • Provides increased funding for school and child care meal programs. The bill also improves the Pandemic-EBT program, which provides additional nutrition benefits for families with children who are eligible for free school lunches to help cover the cost of meals children would have otherwise received at school. The bill also provides emergency funding to support the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) child care providers and sponsors services and the School Nutrition Programs by replacing 55 percent of the total reimbursement funding lost for each claiming month from April 2020 to June 2020 plus half of March 2020.
  • Extension of Paid Leave Credits: The bill extends the refundable payroll tax credits for paid sick and family leave that were established in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, through March 31, 2021. The bill also allows self-employed individuals to use their average daily self-employment income from 2019, rather than 2020, for purposes of computing these credits.
  • Extension of Charitable Giving Incentives: The bill includes a one-year extension of the $300 above-the-line-deduction, which was established in the CARES Act and set to expire the end of this year. It also increases the amount for 2021 that married couples filing jointly can deduct for charitable contributions, from $300 to $600. This will continue to incentivize individuals who do not itemize to support charitable organizations during this crisis. Additionally, the bill extends through the end of 2021 the increased limits on deductible charitable contributions for companies and taxpayers who itemize.

FY 2021 spending bill: afterschool funding increased

The previously unreleased FY 2021 omnibus spending bill provides funding for federal programs including education, health and human services, and more through the end of the current federal fiscal year, September 30, 2021. The final bill language provides $1.26 billion for local afterschool and summer learning programs, which will provide quality out of school programming for approximately 1.3 million students. This is an increase of about $10 million over last year’s funding level and brings afterschool funding to an all-time high, a testament to the strong outcomes of Nita M. Lowey 21st Century Community Learning Center programs across our nation.

Specific funding levels for education programs that support afterschool and summer include:

  • The Nita M. Lowey 21st Century Community Learning Centers is funded at allocated $1.26 billion, about $10 million above the 2020 enacted level. The president’s FY 2021 budget had proposed to eliminate this program. 
  • Title I Grants to Local Education Agencies: $16.536 billion, an increase of $227 million above the 2020 enacted level. Title I provides basic and flexible funding to low-income school districts to improve student outcomes. Schools are able to spend Title I funds on afterschool and summer learning programs.
  • Title II-A Funds for Teacher Professional Development $2.143 billion, an increase of $11 million over the 2020 enacted level. The president’s budget had proposed to eliminate this program.
  • Title IV Full Service Community Schools: $30 million, an increase of $5 million, to provide comprehensive services and expand evidence-based models that meet the holistic needs of children, families, and communities.
  • Title IV Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants: $1.220 billion, an increase of $10 million above the 2020 enacted level. The president’s budget proposed to eliminate this program. These funds for school districts established under ESSA support activities that provide students with a well-rounded education, ensure safe and supportive learning environments, and use technology to improve instruction. Allowable uses for the grant include support for afterschool STEM activities. 
  • Child Care Access Means Parents in School: $55 million, an increase of $2 million above the 2020 enacted level.
  • TRIO and GEAR UP: $1.097 billion for Federal TRIO programs, an increase of $7 million above the 2020 enacted level. Additionally, $368 million for GEAR UP, an increase of $3 million above the 2020 enacted level.
  • Federal Work Study: $1.190 billion, an increase of $10 million above the 2020 enacted level. Federal Work Study can be used to support college students working in community-based afterschool programs.
  • Education, Innovation, and Research: $194 million, an increase of $4 million above the 2020 enacted level. $67 million of EIR funds are dedicated for STEM education. Also includes $67 million within this program for grants for evidence-based, field-initiated innovations that address student social and emotional learning needs is included. 
  • Career, Technical Education (CTE): $1.334 billion, an increase of $52 million for the Perkins V CTE program. 

And in the Department of Health and Human Services and other agencies:

  • Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG): $5.911 billion, an increase of $85 million; in addition to supporting child care for children ages birth through five, the CCDBG funds afterschool programs for just under one million school-age children.
  • Mental health resources for children and youth including $107 million for Project AWARE, an increase of $5 million.
  • Community Services Block Grant: $745 million, an increase of $5 million. 
  • Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS): $1.121 billion, an increase of $16 million above the 2020 enacted level. The president’s budget proposed to eliminate CNCS. CNCS supports AmeriCorps and VISTA that are a key asset for hundreds of afterschool programs.
  • Youth Mentoring: $100 million for FY 2021 to support mentoring programs including those provided through afterschool programs, and increase of $3 million for FY 2020.
  • CDC School Health: $15.4 million for activities that include comprehensive school health grants to states that address schools and well as out of school time.
  • Career Pathways for Youth Grants: The agreement continues to provide $10 million to utilize the demonstration grant authority under the dislocated worker national reserve for grants to support national out-of-school-time organizations that serve youth and teens and place an emphasis on age-appropriate workforce readiness programming to expand job training and workforce pathways for youth and disconnected youth, including soft skill development, career exploration, job readiness and certification, summer jobs, year-round job opportunities, and apprenticeships. Funding will also support partnerships between workforce investment boards and youth-serving organizations.

As stated above, both the COVID-19 relief bill and the FY 2021 omnibus spending bill have been sent to the president for his signature which is expected to happen before December 25. With regard to next steps, state and local afterschool advocates can again make a similar case to that made in early summer around the CARES Act Governor Emergency Education Relief (GEER) and Child Care funds by reaching out to Governors and SEAs. Once the new bill is signed into law, the Department of Education, Health and Human Services, and other lead agencies will have 30 days to prepare for states to be able to apply for and access the new relief funds. From a state and local perspective, advocates should consider outreach to SEAs and Governors in early to mid-January. Previously developed template letters and outreach resources are being updated to reflect the new legislation.

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Federal Policy Update: Status of FY21 Appropriations and Coronavirus Relief

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Federal Policy Update: House passes 21st CCLC Coronavirus Relief Act

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Election 2020 – a first look at the results from an afterschool policy perspective

Photo by Dan Dennis on Unsplash As of the afternoon of November 6, there was yet to be a definitive result in the 2020 US election at the Presidential, Senate, or House levels. One clear conclusion, however, is that while there are deep divisions in the electorate and in the political system,...

BY: Erik Peterson      11/06/20

One week until the Virtual Afterschool for All Challenge: A policy and appropriations update

A month ago the president released his FY 2021 budget proposal, officially kicking off the appropriations process in Washington, D.C. Since then the House and the Senate Appropriations Committee and Subcommittees have been soliciting spending priorities from members of Congress and the public,...

BY: Erik Peterson      03/10/20

Primary season is here! Where do candidates stand on afterschool?

With the 2020 presidential election only 10 months away and primary voting now under way, it is a good time to check in once again on where the presidential candidates stand on afterschool and summer learning as an issue. As we discussed in our blog last fall, education and childcare has been a...

BY: Erik Peterson      02/13/20

Trump administration proposes eliminating afterschool, again

On a rainy Monday in Washington, the Trump administration released its fiscal year 2021 full budget proposal. The full budget represents the president’s vision for how Congress should spend federal funds for the fiscal year that begins October 1, 2020 (FY 2021) and, for the fourth...

BY: Erik Peterson      02/10/20

FY2020 appropriations update: Afterschool funding increased!

House and Senate appropriators reached an agreement on final subcommittee allocations to avert a shutdown and fund the government past the December 20 deadline.  The final  bi-partisan bill language specifying funding levels for all government programs provides $1.25 billion for...

BY: Erik Peterson      12/17/19

Afterschool and the 2020 presidential candidates

With the 2020 presidential election 16 months away, more than 25 politicians and business leaders have declared themselves candidates. The first round of debates for Democratic candidates has already happened, most candidates are in full time campaign mode, and the first primaries and caucuses are...

BY: Erik Peterson      07/26/19

House appropriators propose substantial increase to 21st CCLC afterschool funding

Update: On May 8, the full House Appropriations Committee voted to approve the FY2020 Labor, Health and Human Services, Education (LHHS) and Related Agencies Appropriations Act by a party line vote of 30 to 23, sending the bill on to the House floor. The approved bill included several changes...

BY: Erik Peterson      05/01/19

State tackles learning loss with new law on summer & afterschool STEAM engagement

With the federal government working hard to get much needed relief funds to states, including for education to help stem some of the harshest effects of COVID, states as well recognize their essential role in recovery. On February 9, Tennessee passed the Tennessee Learning Loss Remediation and...

BY: Jillian Luchner      02/18/21

Two new Community School bills introduced in Congress this fall

For community school adherents, school has always had a central function as a hub of integrated student supports. The COVID health emergency has not only impacted how, where, and when education is delivered but also reinforced the idea of schools as a conduit for children and families to other...

BY: Jillian Luchner      11/10/20

New brief released: State re-opening plans reveal importance of partnerships with afterschool across a broad range of goals

Labor Day has passed and schools are beginning in one form or another all over the U.S. The Afterschool Alliance completed a scan of state school reopening plans identifying where plans see a role for afterschool partners in our new brief, A Review of State Plans for Re-opening: How to Maximize...

BY: Jillian Luchner      09/17/20

How states are using CARES Act funding to support afterschool & summer learning

This Monday, July 27, Senate Republican leadership is expected to release their long-awaited CARES 2 legislative package to provide another round of federal COVID-19 recovery and relief funding and support. While an outline of the bill suggested it will include $15 billion for child care programs...

BY: Erik Peterson      07/24/20

How federal government funding is supporting child care in the states

Economic recovery cannot happen without child care, including quality, comprehensive care for school-age children of working parents. If the concern has not already impacted you directly, you may have become aware from the news stories which keep flooding in. “Will Child Care Be There...

BY: Jillian Luchner      05/12/20

State flexibility supports 21st CCLC ability to adapt to COVID Emergency

Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash. As governors, state agencies, and school districts across the U.S. grapple with school closure decisions, the afterschool programs that provide out-of-school time academic support and the child care working parents need are also finding their...

BY: Jillian Luchner      03/24/20

New York City Council considers move to universal afterschool

Today, less than half of New York City public schools offer free city funded afterschool programs. City Councilman Ben Kallos, joined by parents and afterschool advocates, aims to change that. Last week, the New York City Council held a hearing to discuss bill 1100 introduced by Councilman...

BY: Chandler Hall      01/30/20

Vermont’s governor calls for universal access to afterschool programs

In his State of the State address to the Vermont legislature on January 9, Vermont Gov. Phil Scott (R) outlined his 2020 legislative agenda, including a proposal to make K-12 afterschool programming more accessible to Vermonters through implementation of universal afterschool. In the speech, the...

BY: Erik Peterson      01/28/20

Afterschool policy 2019: State legislative round up

State legislatures have been busy this year envisioning new ways to support their constituents and respond to large cultural, social, and financial shifts. Most state budgets were signed by early summer and they, along with other legislative initiatives, show how states are investing in youth...

BY: Jillian Luchner      12/03/19

Fireman costumes to full-on careers: October is a big month to talk career and technical education

It’s been more than a year since the bipartisan passage of the Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act of 2018 (Perkins V), which reauthorized and updated the federal Perkins CTE law in place since 2006. Afterschool programs can be a great partner as states...

BY: Jillian Luchner      09/30/19