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A 2019 evaluation of Virginia’s 21st Century Community Learning Centers found that based on teacher-reported outcomes, an overwhelming majority of students improved their academic performance (63 percent), classroom behavior (70 percent), and homework completion and class participation (77 percent). Additionally, students indicated that the programs helped them get better grades, attend class regularly, behave in class, and “prepare for a job or career”. When comparing 21st CCLC students to non-attendees, students receiving special education services in the programs outperformed those not in programs.
A 2019 evaluation of Vermont’s 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs found that the programs have many strengths and aspects in which they improved in their four goal areas: access and equity, quality programming, program leadership, and project sustainability. Further, students participating in programs reported a positive experience. When asked their feelings about the programs, 7 in 10 students reported that they feel like they belong (70 percent) and that they matter (69 percent) in the program. More than half of students responded that they feel challenged in a good way (52 percent) and that the activities are important to them (51 percent).
A 2019 evaluation of Montana’s 21st CCLC programs found that students participating in the programs made academic, behavioral, and social and emotional gains. Based on teacher reports, 95 percent of students participating in the programs maintained or improved their academic performance, and a majority of students improved their class participation (62 percent), homework completion (59 percent), and conflict resolution skills (59 percent). Overall, 98 percent of program participants advanced to the next grade level or graduated on time. Both students and parents reported overall positive perceptions of the program’s impact on engagement in learning.
A 2019 evaluation of New Mexico’s 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs by the New Mexico Public Education Department found that the programs had a positive impact on students’ academic achievement. Among the students in the programs, 29 percent raised their grade by a full letter grade by the end of the school year and 49 percent of students who earned below a passing grade raised their grade by the end of the year. Additionally, 66 percent of students who earned a passing grade in the first grading period maintained their grade throughout the year. There was a high level of satisfaction of New Mexico’s 21st CCLC programs, where, 95 percent of students, family, and staff surveyed agreed that the program was of high quality.
The 2019 evaluation by the David P. Weikart Center for Youth Program Quality of Arkansas’ 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs found that students regularly participating in the programs made positive academic and social and emotional gains. Students reported that the programs helped them improve their academic habits, such as following the rules (95 percent), and helped them with their social and emotional skills and competencies, including working well with others (91 percent) and sharing their thoughts even if they disagreed (89 percent). Additionally, among regular participants, 41 percent and 42 percent increased or remained in the advanced or proficient levels in reading and math, respectively.
The Center for Applied Research in Human Development at the University of Connecticut and the Capitol Region Education Council (CREC) jointly conducted a study of Connecticut’s 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) afterschool programs that looked at students enrolled in the program between 2013 and 2017 and the impact of attendance on academics and school day attendance. The study found that students participating in Connecticut’s 21st CCLC programs for multiple years had significantly higher school day attendance rates and performed better on Connecticut's standardized math and language arts tests when compared to their peers who participated for only one year.
A statewide evaluation of Delaware's 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs finds that participants made positive academic and behavioral gains. Based on teacher surveys during the 2018-19 school year, more than half of students showed improvement in class participation (57 percent), academic performance (58 percent), and turning in homework on time (52 percent). In addition, 47 percent of students improved their motivation to learn, and 49 percent were more attentive in class.
A statewide evaluation of Michigan’s 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs found that based on grades and surveys of teachers, students, and parents, students attending a program for at least 30 days (regular attendees) saw academic gains, as well as improvements in their behavior and engagement in school. Approximately half of students with room for improvement (defined as having a fall GPA below 3.0), saw grade improvement in math (52 percent) and English/language arts (51 percent) from fall to spring. Teacher surveys also reflected an improvement in classroom performance for behaviors such as turning in homework on time and participating in class (74 percent), as well as getting along with other students (79 percent). In addition, both students and parents reported overall positive perceptions of program impact on academic learning and behavior.
A statewide evaluation of Idaho’s 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs found that, based on state assessment data, students attending a program for at least 30 days (regular attendees) saw improvements in their academic performance. 39.4 percent of regular program participants who had pre-and post-test scores improved from “not proficient” to “meets or exceeds proficiency” on the Idaho Reading Indicator (IRI) test for K-3rd graders, 13.5 percent improved on the Idaho Standards Achievement Test (ISAT) English/Language arts test, and 5 percent improved on the ISAT in math. Surveyed parents and students also expressed high satisfaction with 21st CCLC programming. For example, 82 percent of students surveyed agreed that they felt safe in the program and 91 percent of parents surveyed agreed that the 21st CCLC program benefited their child.
A statewide evaluation of Colorado’s 21st Century Community Learning Center (21st CCLC) programs during the 2017-18 school year found positive gains related to student participants’ academic performance, engagement in school, and school-day behavior. Teachers reported that among students regularly attending the program and who were in need of improvement, a strong majority improved their academic performance (71 percent), class participation (68 percent), motivation to learn (67 percent), relationships with peers (63 percent), classroom attentiveness (62 percent), homework completion (55 percent), and behavior in class (54 percent). Subgrantees were also surveyed and reported progress in meeting or exceeding their performance measure in enrichment (57 percent), STEM (61 percent), health and wellness (53 percent), and attendance (60 percent).